Determiner number


Numeral determiners are cardinal numbers which quantify something. They say how many there are of a particular thing.


All cardinal numerals in Koiné Greek are considered numeral determiners in this grammar. For example, consider the sentence, “John has five books.” The word “five” is a numeral determiner.

Cardinals (numerals)

The following four tables are for the declension of the cardinal numbers one through four. One follows a 3-1-3 pattern but only occurs in the singular. The numbers two through four only occur in the plural. Two is the same in the nominative, genetive, and accusative cases.

  • Table a12 - εἷς (one)
  • Table a13 - δὑο (two)
  • Table a14 - τρεῖς (three)
  • Table a15 - τέσσαρες (four)

Table a12 - εἷς

a12 (3-1-3) (εἷς one)
  Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative εἷς μία ἕν
Genitive ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
Dative ἑνί μιᾷ ἑνί
Accusative ἑνά μίαν ἕν

Table a13 - δύο

a13 (δύο two)
  Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative δύο δύο δύο
Genitive δύο δύο δύο
Dative δυσί δυσί δυσί
Accusative δύο δύο δύο
Table a14 - τρεῖς

Note that the masculine and feminine declension is identical.

a14 (3-3-3) (τρεῖς three)
  Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative τρεῖς τρεῖς τρία
Genitive τριῶν τριῶν τριῶν
Dative τρισί(ν) τρισί(ν) τρισί(ν)
Accusative τρεῖς τρεῖς τρία

Table a15 - τέσσαρες

a15 (3-3-3) (τέσσαρες four)
  Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative τέσσαρες τέσσαρες τέσσαρα
Genitive τεσσάρων τεσσάρων τεσσάρων
Dative τέσσαρσι(ν) τέσσαρσι(ν) τέσσαρσι(ν)
Accusative τέσσαρας (τέσσαρες) τέσσαρας (τέσσαρες) τέσσαρα
Example: Matthew 4:18
εἶδεν δύο ἀδελφούς
eiden dyo adelphous
he saw two brothers
he saw two brothers

Luke 16:28 ἔχω γὰρ πέντε ἀδελφούς