In Koiné Greek, determiners are words that describe another word in the same sentence. Not all determiners are adjectives, but all determiners function like adjectives in a sentence.


The most common determiner in Koiné Greek is the definite article. Properly speaking, the definite article is not an adjective, but it mimics an adjective in both form and function. Demonstrative pronouns are another common kind of determiner. Within a sentence, a demonstrative pronouns can function like either a pronoun (to refer to something) or an adjective (to describe something). When a demonstrative pronoun functions like a adjective, it is classified as a determiner in this grammar.

Types of Determiners

Definite Article

The definite article is the most common kind of determiner in Koiné Greek.

Demonstrative Determiner

A demonstrative determiner is a demonstrative pronoun that functions as an adjective within a sentence.

Possessive Determiner

A possessive determiner is a personal pronoun that functions as a possessive adjective within a sentence.

Differential Determiner

A differential determiner is an adjective that distinguishes one thing from another thing within a sentence.

Quantifying Determiner

A quantitative determiner expressses how much (or how many) of a thing is in view within a sentence.

Numeral Determiner

Numeral determiners are cardinal numbers which quantify something. They say how many there are of a particular thing.

Ordinal Determiner

Ordinal determiners are ordinal numbers that indicate the position of something in a sequence.

Relative Determiner

Interrogative Determiner

An interrogative determiner introduces a question that identifies or quantifies something in a sentence.

Example: John 6:44

κἀγὼ ἀναστήσω αὐτὸν ἐν τῇ ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρᾳ

kagō anastēsō auton en tē eschatē hēmera

and I will raise him on the last day

and I will raise him up on the last day