Determiner demonstrative


A demonstrative determiner is a demonstrative pronoun that functions as an adjective within a sentence.


Demonstrative determiners indicate a specific object or thing by means of a verbal gesture. For example, consider the sentences, “I want this basket,” or “I want that basket.” The words “this” and “that” are demonstrative determiners. They indicate which basket is wanted.

Demonstrative determiners are classified as either “near” or “far.” A “near” demonstrative determiner indicates something near the speaker. A “far” demonstrative determiner indicates something at a distance from the speaker. In the examples above, the word “this” is a “near” demonstrative determiner. The word “that” is a “far” demonstrative determiner.

However, sometimes “near” and “far” demonstrative determiners do not necessarily indicate distance from the speaker. Sometimes a speaker uses both a “near” and a “far” demonstrative determiner to indicate two different items that are the same distance. Consider the example above. If a person is buying a basket in a shop, he may say to the shopkeeper, “I want this basket, but I don’t want that basket.” In cases like this, the “near” and “far” demonstrative determiners may not indicate distance. The “near” and “far” demonstrative determiners may be a way a simply distinguishing the basket that is wanted from the basket that is not wanted. This is a very common use of demonstrative determiners.


r5 (2-1-2) (οὗτος - this)
  Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative οὗτος αὗτη τοῦτο
Genitive τούτου ταύτης τούτου
Dative τούτῳ ταύτῃ τούτῳ
Accusative τοῦτον ταύτην τοῦτο
Nominative οὗτοι αὗται ταῦτα
Genitive τούτων τούτων τούτων
Dative τούτοις ταύταις τούτοις
Accusative τούτους ταύτας ταῦτα
r6 (2-1-2) (ἐκεῖνος that)
  Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative ἐκεῖνος ἐκείνη ἐκεῖνο
Genitive ἐκείνου ἐκείνης ἐκείνου
Dative ἐκείνῳ ἐκείνῃ ἐκείνῳ
Accusative ἐκεῖνον ἐκείνην ἐκεῖνο
Nominative ἐκεῖνοι ἐκεῖναι ἐκεῖνα
Genitive ἐκείνων ἐκείνων ἐκείνων
Dative ἐκείνοις ἐκείναις ἐκείνοις
Accusative ἐκείνους ἐκείνας ἐκεῖνα


Example: John 2:19
ἀπεκρίθη Ἰησοῦς καὶ εἶπεν αὐτοῖς λύσατε τὸν ναὸν τοῦτον καὶ ἐν τρισὶν
ἡμέραις ἐγερῶ αὐτόν
apekrithē Iēsous kai eipen autois lysate ton naon touton kai en
trisin hēmerais egerō auton
answered Jesus and he said to them destroy the temple this and in
three days I will raise it
Jesus replied, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise
it up.”

Matthew 7:24 Πᾶς οὖν ὅστις ἀκούει μου τοὺς λόγους τούτους

Matthew 7:22 πολλοὶ ἐροῦσίν μοι ἐν ἐκείνῃ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ

Matthew 3:1 Ἐν δὲ ταῖς ἡμέραις ἐκείναις παραγίνεται Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτιστὴς κηρύσσων ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ τῆς Ἰουδαίας